Sulphur is one of the most important agricultural and industrial raw materials and is considered a strategic product Sulphur is an odorless, tasteless and polyvalent nonmetal which is mostly in the form of yellow crystals and is obtained from Sulphide and Sulphate. Sulphur occurs naturally in the environment and is the thirteenth most abundant element in the earth’s crust. It can be mined in its elemental form, although this method has declined over the last decade to less than 2% of world production. Today most elemental Sulphur is obtained as a co-product recovered from oil and gas production in sweetening process.

Sulphur is the primary source in the production of sulphuric acid, the world’s most widely used chemical. Sulphuric acid is an essential intermediate in many processes in the chemical and manufacturing industries. Sulphuric Acid also is used by the fertilizer industry to manufacture primarily phosphates, nitrogen, potassium, and sulphate fertilizers.
Sulphur reacts directly with methane to give carbon Disulfide, used to manufacture cellophane and rayon. One of the direct uses of Sulphur is in vulcanization of rubber, where polysulfide chains crosslink organic polymers. Large quantities of sulfites are used to bleach paper and to preserve dried fruit. Many surfactants and detergents (e.g. sodium lauryl sulfate) are sulfate derivatives. Calcium sulfate, gypsum, is mined on the scale of 100 million tons each year for use in Portland cement and fertilizers. Sulphur is increasingly used as a component of fertilizers. Sulphur can be used in agriculture and various industries such as plastics and many synthetic products, paper, paint, etc.


The increasing demand from the fertilizer manufacturing sector, coupled with increasing usage of Sulphur for vulcanization of rubber are the main factors driving the growth of the global Sulphur industry. Moreover, refineries across the globe are engaging in capacity expansion and other brownfield activities, leading to higher demand for Sulphur. The demand for Sulphur is also anticipated to be driven by the increasing usage of elemental Sulphur as a major ingredient in the vulcanization process implemented to manufacture rubber. However, the enactment of stringent environmental regulations restricting the usage of Sulphur and the high costs associated with its mining, are the key factors hindering theSulphur market growth.


The global market is segmented based on end-user applications, including Agrochemicals, chemical processing, metal manufacturing, petroleum refining, and others. In 2016, the Agrochemical industry occupied the largest share in terms of Sulphur consumption. It is expected that the healthy growth of the phosphate fertilizer market will drive the global Sulphur market over the forecast year.

Geographically, the market has been segmented into North America, South America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Middle East & Africa. Asia-Pacific represents the largest market in terms of consumption and production of Sulphur. In the region, China is expected to be one of the largest producers of Sulphur and Sulphuric Acid.